The third-generation Golf and Jetta first appeared in North America as 1993 models in theSan Diego, Californiaarea and in Canada, then in the autumn in the rest of North America as 1994 models. Three-door Golfs of this generation were mostly only available in North America in GTI form.The Mk3 Cabrio replaced theVolkswagen Cabriolet, which continued the original Golf until 1993, although the original Golf, sold asRabbitin theUnited StatesandCanadaceased sales in 1984. The Mk3 Cabrio continued until the 2002 model year, when Volkswagen replaced it with a convertible version of theVolkswagen New Beetle. The Mk3 Cabriowasfaceliftedin late 1999 with the front, rear, and steering wheelstyling from theGolf Mk4while still maintaining the body from the Mk3 Cabrio. These Cabrios are often referred to as the Mk3.5 Cabrios.
The Golf 4 was introduced to North America in mid-1999. Available engines for the Golf at its introduction to the American market were a 2.0 L gasoline engine, and a thrifty (48mpg) 1.9 LTDIengine. The latter soon developed a reputation for good low-speed torque and fuel economy, and can operate on alternative biofuels. In 2004 the updated 1.9L TDI PD or "Pumpe-Düse" engine was installed in the Golf and Jetta. The "Pumpe-Düse" or Pump Nozzle was a Robert Bosch extreme high pressure fuel injection system for direct cylinder injection. A 1.8 L turbocharged gas engine was introduced in 2000, along with the 12-valve 2.8 L VR6. At the same time, the 1.6 L 8-valve unit was replaced with the 16-valve unit from thePolo GTI, but detuned to 77 kW (105 PS). The 2.0 L gasoline engine was the base engine in the sportier GTI only as a 1999.5 model. For 2000, Volkswagen opted for the relatively new 1.8 L turbocharged gasoline engine as a base engine for the GTI. The top-of-the-line GLX model was equipped with Volkswagen's torquey 2.8 LVR6, which put out an impressive 174 hp (130 kW). The VR6 engine, with its narrow 15-degree Vee design, was unique to Volkswagen. This engine is shorter and lighter (featuring a single cylinder head) than otherV6engines which benefits the handling characteristics of this front-wheel drive car. For the 2002.5 model year Volkswagen introduced a 24-valve version of its VR6 engine to the North American market under engine code BDE. This engine had the same torque characteristics of the older 12-valve version which had been carried over from the Mk3 Golf under engine codes AAA and AFP. The 24-valve version gained an extra 26 hp (19 kW) over the 12-valve to reach 204BHP. The 1.8T and VR6 models continued until 2005, when the Mk4 platform came to an end in North America.A similarly equipped version of the European 25th Anniversary Edition GTI , called the GTI 337 Edition, was officially introduced at the New York Auto Show and made it to dealers late May 2002 to the US & Canadian markets. For 2003, VWoA produced 4,200 so-branded "20th Anniversary Edition" GTIs and 4000 were shipped to the United States and 200 to Canada. This event, in 2003, marked the 20th anniversary of the GTI's first introduction to the U.S. and Canadian market, some 7 years after the GTI was introduced to the European market.
TheVolkswagen Golf Mk5(VWTyp 1K), built on theVolkswagen Group A5 (PQ35) platform reached North American markets in June 2006 rebadged with the revived Rabbit nameplate. Suspension changes and careful tuning of the chassis, led to the Mk5 Golf delivering better ride and handling. However, this sacrificed usable cargo space despite this model's considerable increase in size over the outgoing model. Its hatch volume is roughly 3 cubic feet (85 L) less.The interior quality of the previous generation had been lost, and although still of a high standard and ahead of rivals, the Golf no longer matched the in-houseAudi A3. The Golf Mk5 proved expensive to buildlargely due to its long 50-hour build time. The Golf GTI features a 2.0 litreturbochargedinline 4-cylinderpetrol enginewithFuel Stratified Injection(FSI) direct-injection technology, which produces 200PS (147 kW/197 bhp). It is available in both 3-door and 5-door hatchback body shapes, and comes with a choice of either 6-speed manual or a 6-speedDirect-Shift Gearbox(DSG) which greatly reducesshift timeto only 8ms.In January 2006, the GTI made its long awaitedNorth Americandebut in 3-door guise (a 5-door variant has since become available), where it is marketed solely under the 'GTI' moniker, with no reference to the Rabbit. The new GTI has a considerable price increase over the previous model, mainly due to the features mentioned above, and the fact that the exterior itself had not seen such a dramatic design change in years. The price is further raised because it is built in Germany, unlike the Mk4 some of which were built in Brazil. The innovative DSG transmission and the 200 PS (147 kW; 197 hp) TFSI engine all helped raise the retail price of the car. The Mk5 GTI was named 2007 Automobile of the Year byAutomobile Magazine, in December 2006. The Mk5 R32 was released in the US in August 2007; it features an updated 3.2-litre VR6 engineof that fitted to the previous Mk4 version, with an extra 10 PS(7 kW; 10 bhp) courtesy of a reworked inlet manifold. Maximum power is now 250 PS (184 kW; 247 bhp) at 6,300 rpm;torqueis unchanged at 320 N·m (236 lbf·ft). It reaches an electronically-governed top speed of 250 km/h (155.3 mph). Going from 0 to 100 km/h (62 mph) will take 6.5 s, reduced to 6.2 s with theDirect-Shift Gearbox.
TheVolkswagen GolfMk6(or VWTyp 5K) is the successor to theMk5. Although billed as the Mk6, the new model was in effect a thoroughly re-engineered facelift of the previous model.In the United States and Canada, the car was sold as the Volkswagen Golf when it arrived in showrooms in October 2009, dropping the "Rabbit" badge that was used for the Golf Mk5. North American Golfs will carry over the same engines as the Mk5 (the same 2.5Lfive-cylinderfrom the Mk5, the 2.0TDI and the 2.0T) and, while the GTI and TDI continue to offer the six-speedmanual transmission: the 2.5 L will re-use the five-speed manual (automaticwill be a six-speed tiptronic).Volkswagen announced that the Golf R would be available in the United States beginning 2012 as a replacement for the R32. The Golf R is powered by a 2.0-litre FSI turbocharged engine that produces 199 kW (271 PS) and 350 N·m (260 lb·ft) of torque. VW claims the car can get from 0–100 km/h in 5.5 seconds for DSG equipped models, or 5.7 seconds for cars fitted with a manual gearbox.