Because of the success of the second generation in North America, Volkswagen decided to keep the Jetta nameplate.Styling was penned by a design team led by Herbert Schafer, and again the car became more aerodynamic than the previous generation. The two-door model was dropped, aerodynamics were improved, with the car now having a drag coefficient of 0.32. This generation of the car is widely credited for keeping Volkswagen from pulling out of the North American market. At the time of its introduction in 1993, Volkswagen of America's sales hit a low not seen since the 1950s. The division sold only 43,902 cars in that year.However, sales rebounded dramatically in the following years, mostly based on the strength of the Jetta, which continued to be the best-selling Volkswagen in the USA.
In North America, the Jetta moniker was again kept on due to the continued popularity of the car in those markets, while the Bora was used in much of the world. The rounded shape and arched roofline served as the new Volkswagen styling trademark, abandoning traditional sharp creases for more curved corners. A distinguishing feature of the Mk4 is its Whiptenna, a trademark for the antenna on the rear end of the roof, which claims to incur less drag than traditional antennas due to its short length and leeward position. For the first time, the rear passenger doors differed from those of a 5-door Golf.
The fifth generation car has the widest variety of names of any generation. In most countries, it is referred to as the Jetta. Exceptions to this include "Bora" in Mexico and Colombia, "Vento" in Argentina and Chile, and "Sagitar" in China. Styling reflects a new direction for the Volkswagen brand, with a new chrome front grille, first seen on theGolf Mk5 R32, which has spread to other models. The Jetta available in theAmericasand the Middle East, is powered by a 2.5-litre5-cylinder20-valve engine in most trims. This engine shares itscylinder headdesign with theV10 enginefound in theLamborghini Gallardo. Reviewers were particularly impressed with the "Sportline" models (known as the GLI in North America). Equipped with sport seats, a firmer suspension lowered by 15 millimetres (0.59 in), and low profiletyres, critics praised the excellent handling that was an improvement over the already good performance on the standard model.Additionally, the 2.0 Turbo FSI engine also won commendation for its high power figures, smooth operation, and low fuel consumption.
The sixth-generation Volkswagen Jettais larger and cheaper to produce than the previous Jettamaking the vehicle more competitive against rivals such as the Toyota Corolla and Honda Civic as part of Volkswagen's goal of reaching sales of 800,000 units in the North American market by 2018. Volkswagen's target of increasing its North American sales removed the Jetta from the premium compact car market. This forced many cost-cutting measures to be made for the North American models, which include a lower quality trim material for the interior and the replacement of leather with leatherette as an optional seating upholstery.The North American version also loses the multi-link rear suspension of the previous generation.Engines from the MK5 Jetta carried over include the 170 hp 2.5 L (five-cylinder) as well as the economy-minded 140 hp 2.0TDI (diesel) engine. The Jetta GLI, a sedan version of the Golf GTI based on the new Jetta, was revealed at the 2011 Chicago Auto Show with the 2.0 TSI 200 hp engine and a fully independent suspension, as well as the European Jetta's soft touch materials. A black honeycomb grill, aggressive lower intakes, side adorning foglights, smoked taillights, dual tailpipes, red painted calipers, and red stitching are all elements to separate it from its run-of-the-mill counterpart.The GLI, as well as the Jetta TDI, are the only two trims to receive Volkswagen's 6-speed manual transmission as well as the optional 6-speed DSG gearbox. For 2014, a new turbocharged 170hp and 184 lb-ft of torque 1.8-liter four-cylinder engine replaces the inline-five, and all Jettas get multilink rear suspensions.